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Modern science
Soil Microbes Accelerate Global Warming

Bold New Approach to Wind 'Farm' Design May Provide Efficiency Gains

Soft Memory Device Opens Door to New Biocompatible Electronics

Most Elliptical Galaxies Are 'Like Spirals'

New Planets Feature Young Star and Twin Neptunes

Editing the Genome: Scientists Unveil New Tools for Rewriting the Code of Life

High Social Rank Comes at a Price, Wild Baboon Study Finds

Fossil Forensics Reveals How Wasps Populated Rotting Dinosaur Eggs

Monitoring Cellular Interactions at Nano-Scale in More Detail Than Ever Before

Non-Africans Are Part Neanderthal, Genetic Research Shows

Making Blood Sucking Deadly for Mosquitoes

Rising Oceans: Too Late to Turn the Tide?

Newly Developed Fluorescent Protein Makes Internal Organs Visible

NASA's Dawn Spacecraft Returns Close-Up Image of Giant Asteroid Vesta

Bacteria Use Batman-Like Grappling Hooks to 'Slingshot' On Surfaces, Study Shows

Mysterious Fossils Provide New Clues to Insect Evolution

Twisted Tale of Our Galaxy's Ring: Strange Kink in Milky Way

Engineering Excitable Cells for Studies of Bioelectricity and Cell Therapy

Ancient Footprints Show Human-Like Walking Began Nearly 4 Million Years Ago

Memories May Skew Visual Perception

Movement of Black Holes Powers Quasars, the Universe's Brightest Lights

First Artificial Neural Network Created out of DNA: Molecular Soup Exhibits Brainlike Behavior

Dolphins' 'Remarkable' Recovery from Injury Offers Important Insights for Human Healing

Cosmological Evolution of Dark Matter Is Similar to That of Visible Matter

Exoplanet Aurora: An Out-Of-This-World Sight

Mysterious Fossils Provide New Clues to Insect Evolution
Scientists at the Stuttgart Natural History Museum and colleagues have discovered a new insect order from the Lower Cretaceous of South America. The spectacular fossils were named Coxoplectoptera by their discoverers and their findings were published in a special issue on Cretaceous Insects in the scientific journal Insect Systematics & Evolution.

The work group led by Dr. Arnold H. Staniczek and Dr. Günter Bechly, both experts on basal insects, determined that these fossils represent extinct relatives of modern mayflies. Coxoplectoptera, however, significantly differ from both mayflies and all other known insects in anatomy and mode of life.

With the discovery of adult winged specimens and excellently preserved larvae, the scientists were able to clarify the phylogenetic position of these animals and presented a new hypothesis regarding the relationships of basal winged insects. Equipped with wing venation of a mayfly, breast and wing shape of a dragonfly, and legs of a praying mantis, these winged insects look like a patchwork of various animals. The peculiar larvae, however, are reminiscent of freshwater shrimps. Their lifestyle turned out to be a major enigma: their mode of embedding and certain other characteristics clearly suggest a fluvial habitat. Their unique anatomy indicates that these animals were ambush predators living partly dug in the river bed.

These animals furthermore provided clues to the long-standing controversial debate of the evolutionary origin of the insect wing. The scientists presume that wings originated from thoracic backplates, while leg genes were recruited for their developmental control.

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Largest-Ever Map of Plant Protein Interactions

Some Plants Duplicate Their DNA to Overcome Adversity


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Astronomers Discover Largest and Most Distant Reservoir of Water Yet

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