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Soil Microbes Accelerate Global Warming

Bold New Approach to Wind 'Farm' Design May Provide Efficiency Gains

Soft Memory Device Opens Door to New Biocompatible Electronics

Most Elliptical Galaxies Are 'Like Spirals'

New Planets Feature Young Star and Twin Neptunes

Editing the Genome: Scientists Unveil New Tools for Rewriting the Code of Life

High Social Rank Comes at a Price, Wild Baboon Study Finds

Fossil Forensics Reveals How Wasps Populated Rotting Dinosaur Eggs

Monitoring Cellular Interactions at Nano-Scale in More Detail Than Ever Before

Non-Africans Are Part Neanderthal, Genetic Research Shows

Making Blood Sucking Deadly for Mosquitoes

Rising Oceans: Too Late to Turn the Tide?

Newly Developed Fluorescent Protein Makes Internal Organs Visible

NASA's Dawn Spacecraft Returns Close-Up Image of Giant Asteroid Vesta

Bacteria Use Batman-Like Grappling Hooks to 'Slingshot' On Surfaces, Study Shows

Mysterious Fossils Provide New Clues to Insect Evolution

Twisted Tale of Our Galaxy's Ring: Strange Kink in Milky Way

Engineering Excitable Cells for Studies of Bioelectricity and Cell Therapy

Ancient Footprints Show Human-Like Walking Began Nearly 4 Million Years Ago

Memories May Skew Visual Perception

Movement of Black Holes Powers Quasars, the Universe's Brightest Lights

First Artificial Neural Network Created out of DNA: Molecular Soup Exhibits Brainlike Behavior

Dolphins' 'Remarkable' Recovery from Injury Offers Important Insights for Human Healing

Cosmological Evolution of Dark Matter Is Similar to That of Visible Matter

Exoplanet Aurora: An Out-Of-This-World Sight

Soil Microbes Accelerate Global Warming
More carbon dioxide in the atmosphere causes soil to release the potent greenhouse gases methane and nitrous oxide, new research published in this week's edition of Nature reveals. "This feedback to our changing atmosphere means that nature is not as efficient in slowing global warming as we previously thought," said Dr Kees Jan van Groenigen, Research Fellow at the Botany department at the School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, and lead author of the study.

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Bold New Approach to Wind 'Farm' Design May Provide Efficiency Gains
Conventional wisdom suggests that because we're approaching the theoretical limit on individual wind turbine efficiency, wind energy is now a mature technology. But California Institute of Technology researchers revisited some of the fundamental assumptions that guided the wind industry for the past 30 years, and now believe that a new approach to wind farm design -- one that places wind turbines close together instead of far apart -- may provide significant efficiency gains.

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Soft Memory Device Opens Door to New Biocompatible Electronics
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a memory device that is soft and functions well in wet environments -- opening the door to a new generation of biocompatible electronic devices.

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Most Elliptical Galaxies Are 'Like Spirals'
The majority of 'elliptical' galaxies are not spherical but disc-shaped, resembling spiral galaxies such as our own Milky Way with the gas and dust removed, new observations suggest.

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New Planets Feature Young Star and Twin Neptunes
An international team, including Oxford University scientists, has discovered 10 new planets. Amongst them is one orbiting a star perhaps only a few tens of million years old, twin Neptune-sized planets, and a rare Saturn-like world.

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Editing the Genome: Scientists Unveil New Tools for Rewriting the Code of Life
The power to edit genes is as revolutionary, immediately useful and unlimited in its potential as was Johannes Gutenberg's printing press. And like Gutenberg's invention, most DNA editing tools are slow, expensive, and hard to use -- a brilliant technology in its infancy. Now, Harvard researchers developing genome-scale editing tools as fast and easy as word processing have rewritten the genome of living cells using the genetic equivalent of search and replace -- and combined those rewrites in novel cell strains, strikingly different from their forebears.

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High Social Rank Comes at a Price, Wild Baboon Study Finds
Being at the very top of a social hierarchy may be more costly than previously thought, according to a new study of wild baboons led by a Princeton University ecologist.

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Fossil Forensics Reveals How Wasps Populated Rotting Dinosaur Eggs
Exceptionally preserved fossils of insect cocoons have allowed researchers in Argentina to describe how wasps played an important role in food webs devoted to consuming rotting dinosaur eggs. The research is published in the scientific journal Palaeontology.

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Monitoring Cellular Interactions at Nano-Scale in More Detail Than Ever Before
Using nanotechnology to engineer sensors onto the surface of cells, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed a platform technology for monitoring single-cell interactions in real-time. This innovation addresses needs in both science and medicine by providing the ability to further understand complex cell biology, track transplanted cells, and develop effective therapeutics. These findings are published in the July 17 issue of Nature Nanotechnology.

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Non-Africans Are Part Neanderthal, Genetic Research Shows
Some of the human X chromosome originates from Neanderthals and is found exclusively in people outside Africa, according to an international team of researchers led by Damian Labuda of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Montreal and the CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center. The research was published in the July issue of Molecular Biology and Evolution.

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Making Blood Sucking Deadly for Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes die soon after a blood meal if certain protein components are experimentally disrupted, a team of biochemists at the University of Arizona has discovered. The approach could be used as an additional strategy in the worldwide effort to curb mosquito-borne diseases like dengue fever, yellow fever and malaria.

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New Material Lets Electrons 'Dance' and Form New State

Cod Resurgence in Canadian Waters

Fundamental Matter-Antimatter Symmetry Confirmed

First True View of Global Erosion

NASA's WISE Finds Earth's First 'Trojan' Asteroid

Engineers Fly World's First 'Printed' Aircraft

Scientist Converts Human Skin Cells Into Functional Brain Cells

Rainforest Plant Developed 'Sonar Dish' to Attract Pollinating Bats

Sea Level Rise Less from Greenland, More from Antarctica, Than Expected During Last Interglacial

How Bats Stay On Target Despite the Clutter

Fall of the Neanderthals: Volume of Modern Humans Infiltrating Europe Cited as Critical Factor

Largest-Ever Map of Plant Protein Interactions

Some Plants Duplicate Their DNA to Overcome Adversity

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Diamonds Pinpoint Start of Colliding Continents

Researchers Identify Seventh and Eighth Bases of DNA

Fool's Gold Gives Scientists Priceless Insight Into Earth's Evolution

Astronomers Discover Largest and Most Distant Reservoir of Water Yet

Major Step Toward Creating Faster Electronics Using Graphene

New Photonic Crystals Have Both Electronic and Optical Properties

Epigenetic 'Memory' Key to Nature Versus Nurture

Climate Change to Increase Yellowstone Wildfires Dramatically

Retinal Cells Thoughts to Be the Same Are Not, Biologist Says

Minority Rules: Scientists Discover Tipping Point for the Spread of Ideas

Mitochondria Share an Ancestor With SAR11, a Globally Significant Marine Microbe

Drug Shown to Improve Sight for Patients With Inherited Blindness

Elliptical Galaxies Are Not Dead

Hubble Constant: A New Way to Measure the Expansion of the Universe

Enceladus Rains Water Onto Saturn

Engineers Develop One-Way Transmission System for Sound Waves

Researchers Graft Olfactory Receptors Onto Nanotubes

New Invisibility Cloak Hides Objects from Human View

Bionic Microrobot Mimics the 'Water Strider' and Walks On Water

How Memory Is Lost: Loss of Memory Due to Aging May Be Reversible

Reservoirs of Ancient Lava Shaped Earth

Wave Power Can Drive Sun's Intense Heat

Social Deficits Associated With Autism, Schizophrenia Induced in Mice With New Technology

Tundra Fires Could Accelerate Climate Warming

Chandra X-Ray Observatory Images Gas Flowing Toward Black Hole